Stones with cement


Concrete &

Career Overview

What They Do

Concrete laborers and masons smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints.

Job Duties

  • Set the forms that hold concrete to the desired pitch and depth, and align them.

  • Spread, level, and smooth concrete, using rake, shovel, hand or power trowel, hand or power screed, and float.

  • Monitor how the wind, heat, or cold affect the curing of the concrete throughout the entire process.

  • Direct the casting of the concrete and supervise laborers who use shovels or special tools to spread it.

  • Mold expansion joints and edges, using edging tools, jointers, and straightedge.

  • Signal truck driver to position truck to facilitate pouring concrete, and move chute to direct concrete on forms.

  • Operate power vibrator to compact concrete.

  • Chip, scrape, and grind high spots, ridges, and rough projections to finish concrete, using pneumatic chisels, power grinders, or hand tools.

  • Waterproof or restore concrete surfaces, using appropriate compounds.

  • Fabricate concrete beams, columns, and panels.

  • Install anchor bolts, steel plates, door sills and other fixtures in freshly poured concrete or pattern or stamp the surface to provide a decorative finish.

  • Build wooden molds, and clamp molds around area to be repaired, using hand tools.

  • Mix cement, sand, and water to produce concrete, grout, or slurry, using hoe, trowel, tamper, scraper, or concrete-mixing machine.

Job Earnings

$45,220 for entry level workers

$89,520 for experienced workers

Education/Training Requirements

These occupations usually require a high school diploma.  Training can be anywhere from a few months to one year of working with experienced employees, on-the-job training is typically provided.  A recognized apprenticeship program, such as Cement Masons Local Union #111,  may be associated with these occupations.

Job Outlook & Growth

In New York State based on the total number of annual openings and its growth rate, employment prospects for this occupation are described as favorable.  During 2016, there were approximately 7,830 Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers employed in New York State.  We estimate that in 2026 there will be 8,960 employed in New York State. This represents an increase of 110 job(s) each year, and a total of 1,000 job opening(s) each year.

Career Pathway

Ways to Start Preparing for Your Future Career TODAY!

Middle & High School Opportunities

Local Colleges/Training

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